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4LFA 流 a câștigat ziua ultima dată pe Aprilie 13

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  1. Welcome back brother ❤️❤️ 

    1. #EVIL BABY

      #EVIL BABY

      thank you so much my bro. waiting for u ❤❤❤

  2. wassup ! 

    wlc back bro 

    1. Angrry.exe™

      Angrry.exe™

      Thnx 

      What about you!! come

  3. Happy birthday brother. 🙂 

    1. 4LFA 流

      4LFA 流

      thank you brother ❤️❤️ 

  4. Happy birthday 👌✌️ كل عام وانت بخير 

    1. 4LFA 流

      4LFA 流

      merci khoo rabi yahfdhek ❤️❤️ 

  5. Music Title: 4LFA - Men Fadlek - Feat Ta9chira & BROTHERHOOD (Official Music Video) Signer:4LFA - Men Fadlek - Feat Ta9chira & BROTHERHOOD (Official Music Video) Release Date: 4/05/2021 Official YouTube Link: Information About the Signer: - Your Opinion About the Track (Music Video): 10/10
  6. À l'occasion de sa mi-carrière, le SUV BMW X3 se refait une beauté, au même titre que sa variante “coupé” X4. Le premier des deux compères est déjà vendu depuis quatre ans et il était temps pour lui de se redonner un coup de jeune. Ayant tout de même bien vieilli, son design n’évolue que dans le détail afin que son chemin se poursuive le plus sereinement possible. Zapping Autonews Les 10 modèles incontournables de l'année 2021 Les 10 modèles incontournables de l'année 2021 Sans atteindre le niveau des nouvelles BMW Série 4 et Série 3, la calandre en double haricot du X3 restylé s’élargit un peu plus, mais reste dans l’esprit de la version sortante. Les projecteurs avant, plus fins, reçoivent un éclairage à LED de série et sont restructurés pour apparaître plus modernes au premier coup d'œil. L’allure du SUV ne change cependant pas d’un iota, tout comme la forme des blocs optiques arrière qui se contentent d’une restructuration de leurs éléments internes. Du mieux côté techno Du mieux côté techno+34 BMW X3 (2021)Credit Photo - BMW Les différences sont plus visibles dans l’habitacle du BMW X3 restylé qu’à l’extérieur, avec un mix réussi entre la génération sortante et les nouveaux modèles du constructeur bavarois. La planche de bord intègre de nouvelles buses d’aération calquées sur celles du nouveau couple de modèles Série 3/Série 4. L’écran central devient plus grand, il atteint jusqu’à 12,3 pouces (en option). Le système d'exploitation BMW OS 7.0 qui lui est associé a été amélioré, il dispose également de la mise à jour à distance. L’Assistant Personnel Intelligent BMW offre lui aussi plus de possibilités, permettant dorénavant de commander le réglage de la climatisation, l’ouverture des fenêtres et bien d’autres éléments. Hybridation à tous les niveaux Hybridation à tous les niveaux+34 BMW X3 (2021)Credit Photo - BMW La gamme de moteurs du BMW X3 restylé gagne la micro-hybridation 48V sur les deux premiers niveaux de puissance en essence. Les versions 20i et 30i, qui étaient les dernières à ne pas bénéficier de cette technologie, rejoignent maintenant le club de l’électrification. Ce changement ne s’accompagne pas d’une augmentation des performances, les puissances s’établissant toujours à 184 ch pour le premier (20i) et 245 ch pour le second (30i disponible sur X4 uniquement). La variante X3 xDrive 30e PHEV, très polyvalente (jusqu’à 50 km d’autonomie en full électrique), est conservée au catalogue au même titre que l’ensemble des versions Diesel, dont les puissances s'échelonnent entre 150 ch pour la variante 18d et 340 ch pour la version M40d. Un choix qui va un peu à l’encontre de l’avis de certains spécialistes “anti-mazout” mais qui reste cohérent avec une utilisation sur longs trajets. Le lancement commercial du X3 standard est attendu pour le mois d'août prochain. Un SUV énervé au sommet Un SUV énervé au sommet+34 BMW X3 M Competition (2021)Credit Photo - BMW Le X3 M Competition chapeaute toujours la gamme du SUV bavarois, au même titre que le X4 M Competition pour la déclinaison SUV coupé. Ces monstres hauts sur pattes embarquent le même six cylindres en ligne 3.0 qu’auparavant, un bloc partagé avec les nouvelles M3 et M4 Competition et totalisant 510 ch. Une puissance qui permet au X3 M Competition de revendiquer un 0 à 100 km/h en 3,8 secondes et une vitesse de pointe limitée électroniquement à 250 km/h. Cette dernière peut être relevée à 285 km/h avec le pack optionnel M Driver. Niveau style, ce super-SUV adopte les mêmes évolutions que la version standard du X3 restylé, mais conserve ses spécificités esthétiques comme le diffuseur à l’arrière et les quatre sorties d’échappement. Le lancement commercial du véhicule est attendu pour août 2021. Les prix du BMW X3 restylé Les prix du BMW X3 restylé+34 BMW X3 (2021)Credit Photo - BMW X3 xDrive20i xLine : 49 650 € X3 xDrive20i Business : 51 750 € X3 xDrive20i M Sport : 55 650 € X3 xDrive30e xLine : 59 800 € X3 xDrive30e Business : 61 900 € X3 xDrive30e M Sport : 65 800 € X3 sDrive18d xLine : 49 950 € X3 sDrive18d Business : 52 050 € X3 sDrive18d M Sport : 55 950 € X3 xDrive20d xLine : 53 950 € X3 xDrive20d Business : 56 050 € X3 xDrive20d M Sport : 59 950 € X3 xDrive30d xLine : 60 650 € X3 xDrive30d Business : 62 750 € X3 xDrive30d M Sport : 66 650 € X3 M40i : 76 900 € X3 M40d : 75 900 € X3 M Competition : NC
  7. Barack and Michele Obama often take to social media to share snippets from their lives and even wish each other and family members on special occasions. As such, on their younger daughter Sasha’s birthday on June 10, the proud parents once again took to social media to share wishes. Sharing a throwback photo on Twitter, Michelle wrote, “Happy birthday to my darling Sasha! I am so grateful for every laugh we’ve shared — and everything you’ve taught me over the years. You’ll always be my little girl, but I couldn’t be prouder of the woman you are becoming. Love you so much!” In it, the mother and daughter can be seen looking at each other lovingly. Barack, too, shared a lovely photo of him holding Sasha in his arms. “Happy birthday, Sasha! You’ve grown so much, and it’s been a joy to watch you become the person we always hoped you’d be. Your mom and I can’t wait to see where life takes you next,” he wrote on Sasha’s 20th birthday. Recently, Barack also spoke on his daughters — Malia and Sasha — wisdom. In an interview with CNN’s Anderson Cooper, the former president of the United States said his daughters are “so much wiser, more sophisticated, and gifted than I was at their age”. “I always worry about their physical safety; that’s just the nature of fatherhood … But in terms of them having a good sense of what’s right and wrong, and their part and role to play in making the country better, I don’t worry about that,” he added.
  8. France start their Euro 2021 campaign on June 15 with a tricky clash against Germany as they seek to build on their 2018 World Cup triumph. It augurs well for Les Bleus’ fans that their longstanding manager Didier Deschamps not only guided France to that famous victory, but also lifted both the World Cup and Euro trophies as captain. FRANCE 24 takes a look back at Deschamps’ glittering career. ADVERTISING Deschamps burst onto the scene as the defensive midfield fulcrum of the renowned Marseille team that became the first – and so far only – French club to win the Champions League in 1993. At just 24, he became the youngest ever captain to guide his team to club football’s top prize. Deschamps raked in trophies after transferring to Juventus in 1994 – winning the Champions League again in 1996, as well as three Serie A titles, two Italian Supercups and a Coppa Italia, before his club career fizzled out with a lacklustre 1999-2000 spell at Chelsea and a similarly diminished final season at Valencia. It was Deschamps’ international playing career that earned him the place in the footballing pantheon – despite an inauspicious start as Les Bleus passed through a slough of despond, failing to qualify for the 1990 and 1994 World Cups while crashing out of Euro 92 in the first round. It looked like Les Bleus would turbocharge themselves out of the doldrums at Euro 96, by centring the team around captain Eric Cantona, the most gifted striker of his generation. Then Cantona’s erratic temperament blew up in 1995 when he kung-fu kicked an opposition fan in the stands in response to an insult. The French talisman was suspended for a year. This was Deschamps’ moment. Cantona had dismissed his defensive midfield skills as those of a mere “water-carrier”, tackling and intercepting to pass to strikers. But it was to Deschamps that France’s then manager Aimé Jacquet turned when he sought to remould the side in Cantona’s absence. The focus shifted to younger talents like Zinédine Zidane – and Jacquet picked Deschamps as the captain to guide them. Les Bleus surged to the Euro 96 semi-finals – their best tournament performance in a decade. This combination of pictures created on July 15, 2018 shows French player Didier Deschamps (L) waving the World Cup trophy after France won the World Cup at the Stade de France in Saint-Denis, near Paris on July 12, 1998 and France's coach Didier Deschamps celebrating with the World Cup trophy after the Russia 2018 World Cup final football match between France and Croatia at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow on July 15, 2018. This combination of pictures created on July 15, 2018 shows French player Didier Deschamps (L) waving the World Cup trophy after France won the World Cup at the Stade de France in Saint-Denis, near Paris on July 12, 1998 and France's coach Didier Deschamps celebrating with the World Cup trophy after the Russia 2018 World Cup final football match between France and Croatia at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow on July 15, 2018. © Patrick Hertzog, Franck Fife, AFP France ’98 and Euro 2000 glory Then came Deschamps’ greatest moment of glory, the 1998 World Cup. Tournament hosts France tore through the group stage and knockout rounds before thumping the Brazilian favourites 3-0 in the final. Zidane was the star throughout, spearheading the midfield diamond. Deschamps was the linchpin that held the team together, blocking opposition manoeuvres and driving the French attack forward with penetrating passes. Deschamps played the same role – as the midfield fulcrum who powered France’s play and the captain who powered their morale – in Les Bleus’ victorious Euro 2000 campaign. By this point he had mastered the art of creating attacking momentum from deep in the pitch with impeccably timed and placed passes. France faced a major group stage setback, losing to the formidable Dutch. But Deschamps played a major role in rallying this young French side – featuring fresh talents including Thierry Henry and Sylvain Wiltord in their first international tournament – allowing them to overcome Portugal in the semis and Italy in the final. Deschamps retired from the international game after this triumph made him the second footballing captain in history to have won the Champions League, the World Cup and the Euros after Franz Beckenbauer. Club management successes Unlike some players who go into management at the top – including his former teammate Zidane at Real Madrid – Deschamps started off making second-rate clubs punch above their weight. He took charge of Monaco, at that point a Ligue 1 also-ran, in 2001. Under Deschamps they won the French League Cup in 2003, before a remarkable run to the Champions League final in 2004 – in which they beat Real Madrid and Chelsea before Jose Mourinho’s Porto took the trophy in the final. Deschamps was honoured as Ligue 1 Manager of the Year 2004. The former “water-carrier” played a similar role with Juventus in 2006-07. A match-fixing scandal had briefly impoverished the Torinese titans and demoted them to Italian football’s second tier. Deschamps guided them to Serie B victory before leaving amid a fallout with the club’s management. Deschamps returned to France in 2009, taking the helm at his former team Marseille. OM, as they are known, had become a far cry from the world-beating team of the early ’90s. But Deschamps won them their first Ligue 1 title in eighteen years in 2010 – before taking them to their first Champions League quarter-finals since their famous 1993 victory in 2012. The same year, OM won their third consecutive French League Cup. However, their Ligue 1 performance had faltered as they finished 10th, and Deschamps stepped down. World Cup glory – again Deschamps was out of contract at the right time. Laurent Blanc resigned as Les Bleus manager after Euro 2012. The 2010 World Cup debacle still cast a shadow over French football – and Deschamps dispelled it by moving Les Bleus on to another generation, centring the squad around players like Antoine Griezmann and Paul Pogba. France reached the quarter-finals, stopped only by the eventual champions Germany. Euro 2016 took France closer to their former glories. On home soil, Les Bleus romped through the group stage and knockout rounds – including impeccably performed revenge over Germany in the semi-finals, with a Griezmann brace. But Deschamps’ France lacked that killer instinct on the big occasion, losing 1-0 to Portugal in extra time, in a nervy final akin to Bayern Munich’s 2020 Champions League win over PSG. Two years later, in the 2018 World Cup, it initially seemed that this lack of killer instinct had set in earlier. Slow and cautious in the group stages, France eked out thin victories over minnows Australia and Peru before settling for a goalless draw against Denmark. But once France entered the group stages, Deschamps’ tactics suddenly became the special sauce needed to make the French attack work. In particular, his controversial choice to put two defensive midfielders – N’Golo Kanté and Blaise Matuidi – either side of the box-to-box midfielder Paul Pogba in a three-man midfield made for some stodgy play in the group stage. Daily newsletter Receive essential international news every morning Subscribe Then in the knockout rounds, the presence of these two anchormen liberated Pogba to become the transformative midfield maestro he had never quite become for Manchester United. Even more so, Kanté’s and Matuidi’s defensive acumen and astute positioning liberated France’s wunderkind Kylian Mbappé to give free rein to his youthful energy and creativity, making him the breakout star of the World Cup. These factors helped France slap down some of the most dynamic teams in the modern international game, sweeping past Lionel Messi’s Argentina, Luis Suarez’s Argentina and Eden Hazard’s Belgium – before thumping the tournament’s devilishly effective wildcard Croatia 4-2 in the final. Deschamps’ controversial tactical approach received the supreme vindication. This time, French football’s former “water-carrier” has made an even more controversial choice. Before the 2018 World Cup, Deschamps said he was “selecting only players who could gel as a cohesive unit”. That meant Karim Benzema was still out. Deschamps had excluded him from Euro 2016 due to his alleged role in a blackmailing scandal. At the time, Benzema, who is of Algerian family origin, accused Deschamps of “bowing to a racist part of France”. Deschamps rejected the accusation, and recently told journalists he has “not forgotten” what Benzema said. But the 33-year-old striker is on France’s Euro 2021 teamsheet. Benzema has racked up 192 goals in 383 games for Real Madrid. But Deschamps’ squad showed they are a formidable force even without Benzema in the pre-Euro friendly against Bulgaria on Tuesday. Dominating play, France romped to a 3-0 win. Griezmann scored the first goal – and like Pogba, Kanté and goalkeeper Hugo Lloris, his presence as a veteran of the 2018 World Cup victory shows why many pundits see France as the favourites to win Euro 2021. Benzema went off injured in the 39th minute. Olivier Giroud – who enjoyed little playing time for Chelsea last season and was likened to a “go-kart” by Benzema last year – replaced him and scored two late goals with consummate skill.
  9. For 50 years, Doctors Without Borders (MSF) has brought medical care to the victims of earthquakes, famines, epidemics, conflicts and other disasters. It grew out of the ideals of a group of newly qualified French doctors who wanted to be on the ground helping those most in need anywhere in the world. ADVERTISING Today, from helping those displaced by Yemen's civil war, to fighting the Ebola virus in Africa and saving migrants in the Mediterranean, the organisation has about 100 operations in nearly 75 countries. But its evolution from being the dream of a dedicated few with little or no resources, to becoming globally recognised for its humanitarian work -- winning a Nobel Peace Prize along the way -- has not been without controversy or acrimony. "From a dream, we created an epic story," Xavier Emmanuelli, 83, a co-founder of MSF, told AFP proudly. Biafra horror "We wanted to go wherever people are suffering. Today that may seem trite, at the time it was revolutionary," said another of its founders, Bernard Kouchner. The dream, however, began from a nightmare. In 1968, the Biafra war was raging between secessionists in southeastern Nigeria and government troops. Civilians were being killed by bombs and famine, due to a blockade by authorities. In Paris, where in May that year students and unions took to the streets in revolt, several doctors just out of university responded to an appeal by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). Arriving in Nigeria, they were to witness the horror and chaos for themselves. "We weren't prepared," Kouchner, who was one of them and is now aged 81, told AFP. "The children were dying en masse because the army was blocking all supplies. It was clear to us young doctors that speaking out against this situation was our duty as medics." Flying in the face of the ICRC's policy of silence, the doctors decided to expose the realities of the Biafra conflict through the media. In providing care -- but also bearing witness -- the move gave rise to the modern concept of humanitarian aid. Scraping by MSF was founded in December 1971, its name chosen during an evening of smoking and drinking, Emmanuelli recalled. The early days were difficult. Without funding, the nascent organisation effectively served as a source of doctors for hire by other NGOs. Although a publicity campaign in 1977 made the NGO's name more widely known in France, initial missions often turned into harrowing ordeals. When, as a young doctor Claude Malhuret set off for Thailand in 1975, full of enthusiasm for the task at hand of helping victims who had fled Cambodia's Khmer Rouge, he was soon disillusioned. "It was terrible. We had nothing, you had to get by for everything," the 71-year-old centre-right member of France's parliamentary upper house told AFP in an interview at his office. That applied to finding equipment, setting up the camp and even having medicines and food, he said. The experience shook everyone up, he added, and made it clear they could not go on just cobbling things together. Disagreement leads to rift For a while by now, those running MSF bitterly disagreed about its future path. On one side were those who wanted to keep it a small group of friends operating in "commando" mode; on the other, newer members were bent on expansion. The situation came to a head in 1979 over Vietnam when Kouchner, then MSF president, mobilised Paris intellectuals including philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre to charter a boat to pick up refugees fleeing the communist regime. That style of activism annoyed rivals within the organisation who voted down the move, leading to some members including Kouchner leaving the NGO. He went on to set up the campaigning medical organisation, Medecins du Monde (Doctors of the World). But the wounds of that episode still sting four decades later. "A sad power struggle," Kouchner, who was France's foreign minister between 2007 and 2010, said of the incident. "I was very angry at them." But for Emmanuelli, an ex-state secretary for humanitarian action, Kouchner's courting of the media was not the way forward. "MSF Kouchner-style had become waffle," he said. A new chapter began, in which the organisation started becoming more professional and international branches were set up. "To grow, we needed money. I went to the United States to learn 'fundraising'," Malhuret said. To speak out, or not? With an independence afforded by private funding, MSF does not shy away from speaking out. Lawyer Philippe Ryfman, who specialises in the humanitarian field, said that MSF had not followed the principle of neutrality and respect for the sovereignty of states that is upheld by the ICRC. "They (MSF) don't hesitate to speak up to mobilise public opinion," he said. Citing human rights concerns, MSF denounced abuses by communist regimes in Cambodia. It sent teams in secretly to help the Afghans after the country's 1979 Soviet occupation, where the reputation of the "French doctors" grew internationally. "We were the only ones to see the effects of the war," Juliette Fournot, who organised MSF missions to Afghanistan until 1989, said. On a daily basis, the medics were having to carry out amputations on children and treat farmers for napalm burns. "Bearing witness was very important, still today the Afghans remember us," she said. But in Ethiopia, in 1985, speaking out had direct consequences for MSF's work. The NGO's food distribution centres "had become a trap", doctor Brigitte Vasset said. "Local authorities were taking advantage of the camps to register refugees and then force them to move to the south and depo[CENSORED]te the rebel areas," she said. Should the organisation speak out or remain silent? Rony Brauman, one of its doctors, decided to publicly criticise the Ethiopian government -- MSF was expelled from the country. "The aid had become an instrument in the hands of a criminal regime for whom we didn't want to be an accomplice," he said. 'Right of interference' MSF has gone on publicly speaking out on crises, such as after Saddam Hussein's regime crushed the Iraqi Kurds after the Gulf War. In 1991, the UN Security Council approved a military operation to help and protect the displaced. Although at the time some welcomed the beginnings of "a right of humanitarian interference", MSF was concerned about the blurring of lines between military and relief work. A year later, the controversy continued in Somalia as it headed towards civil war and famine. Under a UN mandate, US troops and UN peacekeepers were deployed to Mogadishu to ensure the safety of food distributions. In Bosnia in 1992 and two years later in Rwanda, MSF called for military interventions to stop exactions by the Serbs and the Tutsi genocide. Jean-Herve Bradol, an MSF doctor, was soon struck by the scale of the killings on his arrival in Kigali in April 1994. "It was all going very quickly, we were seeing people disappear and trying to put into words what was happening," he recalled. "We ended up buying advertising space in (the newspaper) Le Monde to say that we won't stop a genocide with doctors, and that an international military intervention is necessary. "We'd never done that." Nobel Prize In 1999, MSF won the Nobel Peace Prize, which enabled it to finance a campaign for wider access to medicines for treating tropical diseases or AIDS. Today, within its international structure, it has 25 national sections employing 61,000 people, two thirds of whom are deployed on the ground. Its annual budget is nearly 1.6 billion euros ($1.9 billion), 99 percent of which comes from private donations. "MSF has become the undisputed number one for medical emergencies in the world," Ryfman said. Its decisions don't always go down well however, such as when it quickly halted its appeal for the survivors of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami because it said the emergency had passed. Its expansion, too, raises questions, even within its own ranks. "We've become a big bureaucratic machine with support departments which put pressure on the people in the field to have reports and Excel tables," head of the French section, Mego Terzian, 51, said. But, while acknowledging that MSF France is no longer entirely master of its own decisions, Brigitte Vasset added that "it's a necessary evil because it has given us enormous resources". Changing times Its financial independence is key, says writer and doctor Jean-Christophe Rufin, who points out that times and priorities have changed. Terrorism, migrants, poverty and other emergencies at home now pose the most pressing humanitarian challenges, he said. So what is the future role of MSF, which holds its general assembly on June 10 to 13 in a year when it also marks its 50th anniversary? The milestone comes as practices change, the need for aid continues to grow while access to those in need is often obstructed, and keeping staff safe is paramount amid jihadist attacks. "More and more countries are capable of organising relief on a large scale in the event of a natural disaster," said Terzian. "Will MSF remain useful? Perhaps we'll evolve into a foundation to support local organisations." In the field however, the sense of vocation is still as strongly felt as ever. Straight out of training, Fanny Taudiere, 29, left for famine-hit southern Madagascar in March. Daily newsletter Receive essential international news every morning Subscribe "I feel useful here," the young doctor said from Amboasary camp. "It gives meaning, an intensity to life. It's exciting, there are unbelievable encounters, an adventure every day even if on some days, nothing is simple." Joining MSF was the obvious choice for her. "They go where others don't, they stay when everybody leaves. And then, they're free to act and speak."
  10. Music Title: Haw fibelek Signer: ines X GGA TCHIGGY Release Date: 09/06/2020 Official YouTube Link: Information About the Signer: - Your Opinion About the Track (Music Video): 7/10
  11. A bronze statue of the main god of the kingdom of Saba, located in what is now the Yemeni province of Marib, lies in a dark and fortified room of the Sanaa National Museum. The piece was made by a man named Hawtar Athat in the first half of the sixth century BC. It has been lucky enough to survive the latest war in Yemen. Many other artefacts have not. The Sanaa museum miraculously escaped years of bombing by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates in their war against the Houthi group. “Other areas around the museum were targeted and that led to the destruction of some artefacts and to cracks in the walls of the building itself,” said Ibrahim al-Hadi, the museum’s director. Museum Staffers clean a statue at the National Museum in Sanaa, Yemen. (Source: REUTERS/Khaled Abdullah) Most of the collection was moved to safe rooms in the museum when the Saudi-led coalition intervened in Yemen in 2015. Collections of Arabian swords, rifles and helmets, some decorated with gold, are packed in boxes and covered with sheets. Two bronze lions from the pagan kingdom of Qataban, restored at the Louvre in 2008, are snarling at the dark. “This storeroom is a model,” said Abdullah Ishaq, an expert working with the museum. “It has been set up with scientific, modern and international standards.” But Yemen’s museums, the richest in the Arabian peninsula, are a reminder of the toll that war has taken on the country’s cultural heritage, often eclipsed by civilian casualties and the dire humanitarian situation. Also Read |Thailand welcomes back stolen artefacts after San Francisco forfeiture In the disputed city of Taiz, nature has combined with conflict to leave the historic National Museum building in ruins.Charred manuscripts, burned shelves and shattered glass are scattered inside. Acacia trees have taken root and helped to tear down the walls. “Shelling destroyed the buildings … the collection was looted and fires burned down storerooms,” said Ramzi al-Damini, the Taiz museum director. The Yemeni General Authority for Antiquities and Museums has started working with the Global Heritage Fund to restore parts of the buildings. But the museum has already lost around 70% of its collection, even though some stolen artefacts have been recovered from local markets and volunteers have brought back other pieces. “We know that many of those articles have been smuggled outside Taiz and even abroad. It is not easy to get them out of Yemen, only powerful people with international connections can do that,” said Ahmed Jassar, director of antiquities in the Taiz museum.
  12. Admittedly, Google remains (by far) the player who has traveled the most kilometers with driverless vehicles. Called Waymo, the specialized subsidiary claims more than 20 million miles of road open since 2009 (in the United States alone, in ten states) and more than 20 billion in simulation. It also operates North America's only autonomous taxi service (Waymo One) in Phoenix, Arizona, using an app as easy to use as Uber's. Former company CEO John Krafcik (who decided to leave in February) calls these customers "Waymonauts." He claims that thousands of miles are traveled each week. However, it is not known how many people were privileged to board the fleet of 300 vehicles deployed in Arizona. What is certain is that Waymo has not yet reached the milestone of 3.5 million passengers carried with shared autonomous transport services claimed by Transdev. The group, jointly owned by Caisse des Dépôts and the Rethmann Group, has embarked on the adventure since 2005, first in Rotterdam. And it has deployed autonomous shuttles in more than 50 cities around the world, mainly in Europe (Germany, Spain, France, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden) but also in Australia, Canada, Chile and the United States. The vehicles traveled 1.6 million km. Transdev, which transports 11 million passengers every day across 5 continents, has unique expertise in safety, on-board comfort and passenger information. And autonomous transport intervenes in addition to the classic public transport service, with tools compatible with the transport networks and vehicles of all manufacturers. A separate division A separate division Illustrative photoPhoto Credit - Transdev There is also a structure called Transdev STA (Autonomous Transport Systems). Based in Satory, near Versailles (Yvelines), it is hosted by mobiLAB: a showcase for French research on mobility that it shares with VEDECOM (institute dedicated to individual, low-carbon and sustainable mobility) and Ifsttar (the French Institute of Sciences and Technologies of Transport, Planning and Networks). It should also be noted that for 15 months, an autonomous shuttle service made it possible to link the nearest bus stop (1 km away) and these premises (more than 5,000 people took advantage of it). Led by Patricia Villoslada (an ex of the PSA group where she spent nearly 15 years), the team consists of around fifty international experts from different sectors of activity (automotive, robotics, artificial intelligence, rail industry , aeronautics, mobility services, etc.). Agnostic, the Transdev subsidiary works with all shuttle manufacturers, whether French (Easymile, Lohr, Navya) or foreign (2getthere). And even with car manufacturers (Renault, for two projects in Rouen and Saclay). For the autonomous driving software, the specialized structure of Transdev has chosen that of Torc Robotics (an American start-up which has been bought by Daimler trucks). There is also a partnership with MobilEye, the champion in machine vision which provides sensors and software. These technologies are applied aboard the i-Cristal shuttle, co-developed with Lohr. But, Transdev STA is developing its own tools. For example, the entire on-board communication interface (screens, audio system) and especially the supervision software that allows a human operator to manage the fleet, to see what is happening inside and to take control. hand when needed. This system integrates cybersecurity as well as operational safety. Various use cases Various use cases Illustrative photoPhoto Credit - Transdev Through the various deployments, Transdev had the opportunity to move passengers between the metro and a stadium, on a university campus, within a business park, a nuclear power plant, in the city center, etc. But the two most emblematic projects are both in France. The first service of its kind on the open road in Europe, with autonomous ZOEs acting as robot-taxis, the Rouen Normandy Autonomous Lab project was set up in 2017, in partnership with the Rouen Normandy Metropolis, the Transdev group, Renault and the Matmut group, with the support of the Normandy Region and the Banque des Territoires. The objective was to offer a service in peri-urban areas within the Madrillet district in addition to public transport, between a Tramway terminus and a bus terminus. On this site, frequented by students and companies, on-demand transport was offered via a smartphone application and with fixed stopping points.
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